Civil and Legal Activities of the Lawyer А. Turlybayev in Siberia at the beginning of the 20th century
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The article presents a detailed analysis of the life of the prominent representative of the Kazakh intelligentsia A. Turlybayev. Based on numerous sources of Russian archives, it was possible to restore little-known facts from his biography. The formation of A. Turlybayev as a personality began at Omsk gymnasium, the diploma of which was the basis of his further evolution. Subsequently, he entered and graduated from the Faculty of Law of St. Petersburg University. University life is characterized by the formation of his life position, expanding his scientific and educational horizons. In the capital period, Turlybayev established contacts with representatives of the scientific sphere. The service career of Turlybayev began in Siberia. Being an employee of the judicial and law enforcement bodies Turlybayev established himself as an effective employee. At the beginning of the 20th century during the awakening of political activity in the empire Turlybayev is included in the social life of the Siberian region. Later, during the period of the revolution and the civil war, he cooperates with political forces that are oriented toward protecting the political and civil interests of the population. In the mid 30's as a result of unsubstantiated accusations A. Turlybayev was shot. The article gives an evaluation of his activity as an active figure in the political organization of Alash-Orda. The life and fate of A. Turlybayev are an indicator of this man's desire to transform the Kazakh society against the civil opposition in the state.